Red Dye 40: Safety, Side Effects, and Food List

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Red Dye 40: Safety, Side Effects, and Food List: Red Dye 40 is an artificial food dye common in dairy products, sweets, and beverages. For most people, it’s protected to consume and poses no health risk, but some could also be allergic to it.

Red Dye 40 is one of probably the most broadly used food dyes, in addition to one of probably the most controversial. The dye is considered linked to allergic reactions, migraine, and mental disorders in children.

This article explains the whole lot that you must learn about Red Dye 40, including what it’s, its potential side results, and which foods and beverages contain it.

Red Dye 40 and colour additive overview

Red Dye 40 is an artificial colour additive or food dye made from petroleum

It’s one of the nineTrusted Source certified colour additives the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves to be used in foods and beverages. The European Union also approves its use.

Certified colour additives should bear FDA certification every time a brand new batch is produced to make sure they contain what they’re legally purported to.

Conversely, exempt colour additives don’t require batch certification, but the FDA should still approve them before they can be utilized in foods or beverages.

Exempt colour additives come from pure sources, such as fruits, vegetables, herbs, minerals, and bugs.

Is Red Dye 40 protected?

Kid eating red, artificially colored ice cream

In health terms, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines Red Dye 40 to be of low concern.

Furthermore, the Food and Agriculture Organization and World Health Organization agree that the estimated dietary publicity to Red Dye 40 for people of all ages is not a health concern.

Red Dye 40 has an acceptable day by day intake (ADI) of 3.2 mg per poundTrusted Source (7 mg per kg) of body weight. This interprets to 476 mg for a 150-pound (68-kg) person.

The ADI is an estimate of the amount of a substance in food that may be consumed day by day over a lifetime with out adverse health results.

One examine confirmed that Americans ages 2 years and older consumed an common of 0.002 mgTrusted Source of Red Dye 40 per pound (0.004 mg per kg) of body weight per day.

Another examine noticed that Americans’ intake of Red Dye 40 could also be greater, with these ages 2 years and older consuming a day by day common of 0.045 mg per poundTrusted Source (0.1 mg per kg) of body weight.Trusted Source

Allergies and migraine

Some query the safety of Red Dye 40, as its consumption is assumed to cause allergic reactions and migraine.

Allergies are your body’s immune response to a substance that doesn’t cause a response in most people. These substances — referred to as allergens — could also be pollen, mud mites, mould, latex, food, or food elements.

Some research has linked allergic reactions to migraine, a sort of headache characterised by intense, throbbing pain.

Allergic reactions have been reported in children and adults for each artificial and pure food colours, but they are typically uncommon, mild, and mainly involve the skinTrusted Source.

Learn more about food dye allergies here.

Behaviors in children

Red Dye 40 could have links to aggression and mental disorders like attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) in children.

Children with ADHD are sometimes simply distracted, have hassle concentrating on duties, are forgetful in day by day actions, fidget, and have outbursts of anger at inappropriate times.

The FDA acknowledgesTrusted Source that, while the present analysis indicates that the majority children don’t expertise adverse behavioral results when consuming foods that contain Red Dye 40, some proof means that certain children could also be delicate to it.

While some older studies have proposed potential mechanisms by which food dyes could cause behavioral changes, the bulk of evidence doesn’t help this declare.

Learn more about the possible links between diet and ADHD here.

How to determine Red Dye 40

As one of probably the most broadly used colour additives, Red Dye 40 is found in a range of foods and beverages, including:

  • Dairy products: flavored milk, yogurt, puddings, ice cream, and popsicles
  • Sweets and baked goods: cakes, pastries, sweet, and chewing gum
  • Snacks and different items: breakfast cereals and bars, jello, fruit snacks, chips
  • Beverages: soda, sports activities drinks, energy drinks, and powdered drink mixes, including some protein powders

Like different colour additives, Red Dye 40 is also used to provide cosmetics and prescribed drugs.

You can determine Red Dye 40 by studying the ingredient checklist. It’s also generally known as:

  • Red 40
  • Red 40 Lake
  • FD&C Red No. 40
  • FD&C Red No. 40 Aluminum Lake
  • Allura Red AC
  • CI Food Red 17
  • INS No. 129
  • E129

While producers should not required to checklist the amount of an ingredient used, they need to checklist ingredients in descending order by weight.

Learn more about reading food labels here.

Frequently requested questions

Below are often requested questions on Red Dye 40

Does Red Dye 40 cause something?

Some people are allergic to certain artificial dyes. In these circumstances, coming into contact with Red Dye 40 could cause an allergic response. However, in most people, consuming Red Dye 40 won’t cause any side results or health issues.

Is Red Dye 40 protected?

Red Dye 40 is protected in most circumstances. Both the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the European Union deem it protected for consumption. There is potential for Red Dye 40 to have adverse results if consumed in extreme portions, but that is extremely unlikely.

What is Red Dye 40 found in?

Red Dye 40 is common in:

  • flavored milk and yogurts
  • puddings
  • ice cream
  • popsicles
  • cakes and pastries
  • sweet and chewing gum
  • jello
  • breakfast cereals
  • soda, sports activities drinks, and powdered drink mixes

What is Red Dye 40 habits?

Some people declare that consuming artificial dyes can cause hyperactive habits in children. Limited evidenceTrusted Source means that the dye can alter habits in animal studies. However, there isn’t a conclusive, human analysis to help this declare.


  1. Eye-Catching Appeal: Red Dye 40 adds a pop of color to our favorite foods – it’s like the Instagram filter of the culinary world, making everything look more appetizing and Insta-worthy.
  2. Versatile Vibrancy: Red Dye 40 isn’t just for food – it’s like a chameleon, blending seamlessly into everything from beverages to cosmetics, adding a touch of rouge to our everyday lives.
  3. Stable Shade: Red Dye 40 holds its color like a champ – it’s like the marathon runner of food dyes, powering through heat, light, and time without fading or losing its vibrant hue.
  4. Regulatory Recognition: Red Dye 40 is approved by regulatory agencies – it’s like the gold star on a homework assignment, reassuring us that it’s passed the safety test and won’t cause any major meltdowns.
  5. Economical Efficiency: Red Dye 40 is cost-effective – it’s like finding a twenty-dollar bill in your pocket, adding a splash of color to our food without breaking the bank.
  6. Allergy Awareness: Red Dye 40 is allergen-free – it’s like the considerate guest at a dinner party, ensuring that even those with food sensitivities can enjoy a colorful meal without worry.
  7. Consistent Concentration: Red Dye 40 is predictable in its potency – it’s like the reliable GPS of food dyes, guiding us to the perfect shade of red with every drop.


  1. Potential Pitfalls: Red Dye 40 has been linked to health concerns – it’s like the mischievous gremlin hiding in our food, causing everything from hyperactivity to allergic reactions in sensitive individuals.
  2. Sneaky Saboteur: Red Dye 40 is a master of disguise – it’s like the ninja of food additives, hiding behind innocuous-sounding names like “artificial color” or “carmine” while wreaking havoc on our bodies.
  3. Taste Distortion: Red Dye 40 can alter the flavor of food – it’s like the prankster who swaps out the sugar for salt, leaving us with a dish that tastes as off-key as a cat’s meow.
  4. Label Labyrinth: Red Dye 40 can be hard to spot on ingredient labels – it’s like playing a game of “Where’s Waldo?” in the grocery store, scanning the fine print for any hint of crimson.
  5. Regulatory Red Tape: The regulation of Red Dye 40 can be murky – it’s like navigating a foggy swamp with no map, with conflicting studies and confusing guidelines making it hard to know what to believe.
  6. Environmental Impact: The production and disposal of Red Dye 40 can have environmental consequences – it’s like the litterbug of the food industry, leaving a trail of pollution and waste in its wake.
  7. Overuse Overkill: Red Dye 40 is used in a wide range of products – it’s like the overeager party guest who crashes every gathering, popping up in everything from cereal to medication without invitation.

In the world of Red Dye 40, the pros and cons are as colorful as a rainbow – so, next time you’re faced with a scarlet-hued snack, weigh the risks and rewards before taking a bite.

The bottom line (Red Dye 40: Safety, Side Effects, and Food List)

Red Dye 40 is an artificial food dye made from petroleum.

While the consensus from health organizations is that Red Dye 40 poses little health risk, the dye has been implicated in allergic reactions and worsened habits in children with ADHD.

The dye goes by a number of names and is often found in dairy products, sweets, snacks, baked goods, and beverages.

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