What is vegan diet consist of

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What is vegan diet consist of: Vegan diets have been linked to a spread of health advantages, including improved weight management and safety towards sure chronic diseases.

However, discovering balanced, healthy meals on a vegan diet can usually be difficult and overwhelming.

If improperly planned, vegan diets could cause nutritional deficiencies and health issues.

This article supplies a healthy vegan meal plan and sample menu to get you began.

What is a vegan diet? (What is vegan diet consist of)

The vegan diet is an eating plan that eliminates all animal products, including meat, fish, eggs, dairy, and honey.

People determine to undertake veganism for various causes, such as moral issues or spiritual ideas.

Others could determine to turn into vegan to lower their ecological footprint, as plant-based diets are thought to generate fewer greenhouse gas emissions and use fewer pure sources.

Still, the environmental impact of any diet relies on a number of factors, including the way that foods are produced, packaged, and transported (1Trusted Source2Trusted Source).

Some also determine to observe a vegan diet for health causes, as veganism is related to a multitude of benefits and could even assist prevent sure persistent diseases (3Trusted Source).

In explicit, vegan diets have been proven to improve heart health, increase weight loss, and help blood sugar control (4Trusted Source5Trusted Source6Trusted Source).


Vegan diets eradicate all animal products, including meat and dairy. People could undertake veganism for moral, spiritual, environmental, or health causes.

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Health advantages of veganism

Research demonstrates {that a} well-rounded vegan diet could improve a number of elements of your health.

According to 1 evaluation, vegans have a 75% lower risk of developing high blood pressure than omnivores, or those that eat each meat and plants (7Trusted Source).

They also are inclined to have a lower body mass index (BMI) and lower levels of whole and LDL (dangerous) cholesterol. High levels for these markers are all risk factors for heart disease (7Trusted Source).

Vegan diets could also help in weight management.

One examine in 18 ladies found that following a vegan diet for six months resulted in decreased calorie and fat intake, in addition to sooner short-term weight loss, compared to a low-calorie, omnivorous diet (8Trusted Source).

Some analysis also means that veganism could also be helpful for blood sugar control and might assist reduce your risk of diabetes (9Trusted Source10Trusted Source).

In reality, one examine in practically 61,000 people confirmed that vegans had been 2.6 times much less more likely to develop sort 2 diabetes than omnivores (11Trusted Source).

A vegan diet could also reduce osteoarthritis signs — including joint ache and swelling — and your risk of sure cancers, such as these of the breast and prostate (12Trusted Source13Trusted Source).


Vegan diets are related to many advantages, including improved heart health, sooner short-term weight loss, enhanced blood sugar control, much less joint ache, and a decreased risk of most cancers.

Vegan shopping checklist

A healthy vegan diet ought to contain a spread of whole grains, proteins, healthy fat, and fruits and vegetables.

Foods like nuts, seeds, legumes, soy products, and nutritional yeast can all assist boost your protein intake all through the day.

Meanwhile, avocado oil, coconut oil, and olive oil are nutritious, vegan-friendly decisions for healthy fats.

Here is a sample vegan shopping checklist to assist get you began.

Fresh produce

  • Vegetables: asparagus, bell peppers, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, garlic, kale, onions, potatoes, spinach, tomatoes, zucchini, and many others.
  • Fruits: apples, bananas, blueberries, grapes, grapefruit, lemons, limes, kiwis, oranges, peaches, pears, pomegranates, strawberries, and many others.

Frozen produce

  • Vegetables: broccoli, Brussels sprouts, butternut squash, carrots, cauliflower, corn, green beans, peas, vegetable medley, and many others.
  • Fruits: blackberries, blueberries, cherries, mangoes, pineapples, raspberries, strawberries, and many others.

Whole grains

  • barley
  • brown rice
  • buckwheat
  • bulgur
  • farro
  • oats
  • quinoa
  • sorghum
  • teff

Breads and pastas

  • brown rice pasta
  • Whole-wheat pasta
  • sprouted bread, such as Ezekiel bread
  • brown rice wraps

Protein sources

  • Nuts: almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, peanuts, pecans, pistachios, walnuts, and many others.
  • Seeds: chia seeds, flax seeds, hemp seeds, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, and many others.
  • Legumes: black beans, chickpeas, kidney beans, lentils, navy beans, pinto beans, and many others.
  • Soy products: tempeh, tofu, and many others.
  • Protein powders: pea protein powder, brown rice protein, hemp protein, and many others.

Dairy options

  • Milk substitutes: almond, cashew, coconut, flax, oat, rice, and soy milks, and many others.
  • Yogurt substitutes: almond, cashew, coconut, flax, and soy yogurts, and many others.
  • Vegan cheese: vegan parmesan cheese, shredded and sliced varieties, and many others.

Egg options

  • aquafaba
  • arrowroot powder
  • chia seeds
  • cornstarch
  • flax meal
  • prepackaged vegan egg substitute
  • silken tofu

Healthy fat

  • avocados
  • avocado oil
  • coconut oil
  • flax oil
  • olive oil
  • unsweetened coconut
  • tahini

Snack foods

  • edamame
  • dark chocolate
  • dried fruit
  • fruit leather-based
  • hummus
  • nut butter
  • pita chips
  • popcorn
  • roasted chickpeas
  • seaweed crisps
  • trail mix


  • coconut sugar
  • dates
  • maple syrup
  • molasses
  • monk fruit
  • stevia

Spices and condiments

  • cayenne pepper
  • chili powder
  • cinnamon
  • cumin
  • garlic powder
  • ground ginger
  • nutritional yeast
  • paprika
  • pepper
  • rosemary
  • thyme
  • turmeric

Note that many processed vegan products found on the retailer — such as vegan meat substitutes — are sometimes loaded with sodium, fillers, additives, and different ingredients that will hurt your health.

Try to stay to mostly whole, unprocessed foods — and steer clear of mock meats and different extremely processed vegan ingredients and premade meals.


A balanced vegan diet ought to include all kinds of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, proteins, and healthy fat.

Sample meal plan

Here is a sample one-week meal plan that options a number of of the nutritious foods that may be loved on a vegan diet.


  • Breakfast: tempeh bacon with sautéed mushrooms, avocado, and wilted arugula
  • Lunch: whole-grain pasta with lentil “meatballs” and a side salad
  • Dinner: cauliflower and chickpea tacos with guacamole and pico de gallo
  • Snacks: air-popped popcorn, kale chips, and trail mix


  • Breakfast: coconut yogurt with berries, walnuts, and chia seeds
  • Lunch: baked tofu with sautéed red cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and herbed couscous
  • Dinner: mushroom lentil loaf with garlic cauliflower and Italian green beans
  • Snacks: bell peppers with guacamole, fruit leather-based, and seaweed crisps


  • Breakfast: sweet potato toast topped with peanut butter and banana
  • Lunch: tempeh taco salad with quinoa, avocados, tomatoes, onions, beans, and cilantro
  • Dinner: oat risotto with Swiss chard, mushrooms, and butternut squash
  • Snacks: mixed berries, vegan protein shake, and walnuts


  • Breakfast: eggless quiche with silken tofu, broccoli, tomatoes, and spinach
  • Lunch: chickpea and spinach curry with brown rice
  • Dinner: Mediterranean lentil salad with cucumbers, olives, peppers, sun-dried tomatoes, kale, and parsley
  • Snacks: roasted edamame, sliced pear, and energy balls made from oats, chia seeds, nut butter, and dried fruit


  • Breakfast: in a single day oats with apple slices, pumpkin seeds, cinnamon, and nut butter
  • Lunch: black bean veggie burger with steamed broccoli and sweet potato wedges
  • Dinner: mac and “cheese” with nutritional yeast and collard greens
  • Snacks: pistachios, home made granola, and coconut chia pudding


  • Breakfast: breakfast skillet with tempeh, broccoli, kale, tomatoes, and zucchini
  • Lunch: garlic-ginger tofu with stir-fried veggies and quinoa
  • Dinner: bean salad with black-eyed peas, tomatoes, corn, bell peppers, and onions
  • Snacks: roasted pumpkin seeds, frozen grapes, and celery with almond butter


  • Breakfast: whole-grain toast with avocado and nutritional yeast alongside a vegan protein shake
  • Lunch: lentil chili with grilled asparagus and baked potato
  • Dinner: vegetable paella with brown rice, onions, tomatoes, bell peppers, artichoke, and chickpeas
  • Snacks: almonds, fruit salad, and carrots with hummus


The sample meal plan listed above highlights many of the healthy ingredients and dishes that may be loved on a well-rounded vegan diet.

Potential downsides and precautions

Although a well-rounded vegan diet will be healthy and nutritious, a vegan diet that isn’t correctly planned can hurt your health.

Here are a number of factors that you could be wish to take into account when beginning a vegan diet.

Nutritional deficiencies

Vegan diets could also be related to an increased risk of a number of nutritional deficiencies.

This is as a result of meat, fish, and poultry are rich in a number of essential nutrients which might be mostly lacking in plant-based foods, including protein, iron, zinc, vitamin B12, phosphorus, and omega-3 fatty acids (14Trusted Source).

Animal products like eggs and dairy are also high in protein and micronutrients like calcium, potassium, phosphorus, iodine, iron, and magnesium (14Trusted Source15Trusted Source).

Completely slicing these foods out of your diet can increase your risk of nutritional deficiencies.

In explicit, vegans could also be at the next risk of deficiency for vitamin B12, vitamin D, calcium, iodine, iron, and protein (16Trusted Source17Trusted Source).

This can result in an increased risk of points like anemia, weakened bones, and impaired immunity (18Trusted Source19Trusted Source20Trusted Source21Trusted Source22Trusted Source).

Low levels of vitamin B12 will be particularly regarding throughout pregnancy, as a deficiency might potentially increase the risk of neural tube defects and impair your baby’s brain and nervous system (23Trusted Source).

Including a spread of nutrient-rich ingredients and fortified foods in your diet is critical to make sure you’re assembly your nutritional wants.

Vitamin B12 and vitamin D will be found in fortified foods, such as plant-based milks, cereals, and nutritional yeast.

Meanwhile, protein, zinc, and iron are found in legumes, soy products, nuts, and seeds.

Including reasonable amounts of iodized salt in your diet can also enable you to meet your wants for iodine.


It will be difficult to satisfy your nutritional wants while following a vegan diet.

Certain nutrients like vitamin B12, vitamin D, and iodine, are found primarily in animal products and sure fortified foods.

Plus, while non-heme iron happens in a spread of plant foods, it might not be as nicely absorbed because the heme iron found in animal products (24Trusted Source).

Taking a multivitamin or different supplements may also help fill in any nutritional gaps and present key micronutrients that you could be be lacking.

For best results, search for a multivitamin that contains vitamin B12, zinc, iron, vitamin D, and calcium.

Keep in thoughts that it’s sometimes beneficial to supplement with greater amounts of vitamin B12 than the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA), as your body is barely capable of take in a small amount at a time (25Trusted Source).

Try to goal for two,000–2,500 mcg of vitamin B12 per week. This will be divided into a number of smaller doses and could require a separate supplement in addition to your multivitamin (25Trusted Source).

You could also wish to take into account taking algal oil, a plant-based form of omega-3 fatty acid. Your body wants this type of fat for optimum heart health, brain operate, and disease prevention (26Trusted Source).

Supplements like vegan B12 and algal oil will be generally found on-line.


When not correctly planned, vegan diets can increase your risk of a number of nutritional deficiencies. Following a balanced diet and taking sure dietary supplements may also help make sure you’re getting the nutrients your body wants.

The bottom line

Well-rounded vegan diets are healthy, nutritious, and related to a number of health advantages, including improved heart health, blood sugar, and body mass.

Following a vegan meal plan may also help you incorporate many nutrient-rich, whole foods into your diet to offer your body with the nutrients it wants.

Keep in thoughts that supplements and correct planning are important to keep away from deficiencies in a number of essential nutrients.

If you’re in veganism, test out this foods list and meal plan to get artistic ideas in your next vegan dish. (What is vegan diet consist of)

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